Climate change may make parts of the Middle East too hot for human beings, according to a new study; it is home to 500 million people.
Observing the weather conditions in the Middle East since 1970, the researchers say “very hot” days in the area have doubled over that period. The climate in large parts of the Middle East and North Africa could change, temperatures could get so high, and those living in the area could be at risk.
The researchers believe that by 2050, temperatures will not fall below 30 degrees Celsius at night in the hottest part of summer. During this period, day-time temperatures could rise to 46 degrees Celsius.
Extreme heat could continue past the middle of the 21st century. Researchers think temperatures in the middle of the day could reach as high as 50 Celsius. Heat waves could increase, and those hot periods are likely to last longer.
The researchers also looked at the amount of “fine particulate air pollution” in the Middle East. They found that the amount of dust in the atmosphere over Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Syria jumped 70 percent since the start of the century. This, they say, could have resulted from an increase in the number of sand storms caused by climate change.
The climate change can result in a slow worsening of living conditions for people in North Africa and the Middle East, sooner or later, many people may have to leave the region.